It was designed by Tom Wright of WS Atkins PLC and stands on an artificial island 280meters away from Jumeirah beach. It is connected to mainland by a curving private bridge. It was designed to symbolize Dubai’s urban transformation and to mimic the shape of an Arab Dhow.
The Burj al Arab (Arabian Tower) hotel is built in the shape of a modern yacht sail to reflect Dubai′s seafaring heritage combined with a modern aspect moving forwards into the future. It accommodates 202 one, two and three bedroom suites.
- It is 321 metres high and is the tallest stand-alone hotel structure in the world.
- It is built 290 metres off the Dubai coast on a triangular, man made, landscaped island with sides of 150 m in length built off the sea bed in 7.5 metres of open sea.
- The gross area of the Burj al Arab is 1.2 million square feet with 28 double height space floors, each floor is 7m high.
- The island is protected by special hollow concrete armour units.
- The concrete structure, with exposed diagonal steel wind bracing, is triangular in plan founded on 250 concrete piles which penetrate the sea floor to a depth of more than 40 m.
- The atrium is the tallest in the world at 182 metres high.
Burj Al Arab, Dubai — Presentation Transcript1. BURJ AL ARAB Omar CantuSilvia CarrollDong Ho Kim Kevin Kim
2. The Design• Resembles a sail• Shipping history• Dubai monument• Built on private island• Tallest hotel in the world• Underwater restaurant only accessible by submarine• Architecture Firm: W.S. Atkins• Based in Surrey, England• Project Lead Architect Tom Wright• Engineering Firm: Al Habtoor• Construction began 1994 with planning and was completed in 1999
3. The Structure• Exoskeleton Frame
4. The Structure• Trusses
5. The Structure• Central Spine
6. The Structure• Membrane
7. In Construction• Concrete Superstructure
8. In Construction• Bracing
9. Analysis-Trusses • Braces steel frame diagonally • Resists Lateral Loads • Reduce Moment and Deflection
10. MultistructureAnalysis-Bracing Bracing In Tension • Braces the exterior steel frame • Resists Lateral Loads • Resists Overturning
11. Analysis-Spine • Lateral loads are transferred from steel frame to central spine • Spine unifies the steel and concrete structures
12. Analysis-Frame Whole loads are first passed from reinforced concrete in multistory frame to main steel exoskeleton, and then to the foundation.
13. Lateral Loads
14. Lateral LoadsWithout Bracing With Bracing
15. Moment DiagramWithout Bracing With Bracing
16. Atrium Membrane • Façade for worlds tallest atrium • Material – Teflon coated Fiberglass • Supported on arched trusses • Trusses supported by cross braced steel rods • Anchored at the bottom, mezzanine at the top • Reduces glare and allows diffused lighting into atrium
17. The Foundation• Foundation is a piled raft• 250 bored piles using friction• Each is 1.5m and 35m long• Bored through sand• Resists earthquakes
18. The Referenceshttp://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.tcl?site_id=4407http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/545499.stmhttp://www.ameinfo.com/news/Detailed/29264.htmlhttp://www.anvari.org/cols/Burj_Alarab.htmlhttp://www.burjalarab.hcareers.co.uk/http://www.egypteng.com/projectm/burj.asphttp://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=107803http://www.habtoor.com/engineering/http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0001338.htmlhttp://www.jumeirahinternational.com/?source=404http://www.skypage.comhttp://www.structurae.net/http://www.thecityreview.com/skyterra.htmlAuthor. “Shady Character” World architecture, Apr 2000Halford, M. “Chicago Beach Resort Development, Dubai.” Concrete, July/August 1997McBride, R. “Burj al Arab.” Architecture, Aug 2000Talarico, W. “Designing with structural fabrics.”Architectural Record, Sept 2000.
19. Thank You