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Shallow Foundation

Oct 30, 2013

Shallow Foundation
This document is about the Shallow Foundation.

INTRODUCTION:
“A foundation is the lowest and supporting layer of a structure”. It transfer the structural load of build structure safely into the ground.

SHALLOW FOUNDATION:
Placed immediately below the lowest part of the superstructure. Its purpose is to distribute the load over a wide area.
Shallow foundations are usually embedded about a meter or so into soil.

Types of Shallow Foundation:
  • Spread footing
  • Combined footing
  • Strap or Cantilever footing
  • Mat or Raft footing
INSIDE THE DOCUMENT:
  • Classification of Foundation
  • Introduction of Shallow Foundation
  • Types of Shallow Foundations
  • Spread Footing
  • Types of  Spread Footing
  • Combined Footing
  • Strap Footing
  • Matt or Raft Foundation
  • Raft Foundation
  • Advantages of Shallow Foundation
  • Disadvantages of Shallow Foundation
  • Precautions to be Taken
Download Link: PDF